Risk Factors in Developing Senile Osteoporosis
Genetics play the most important role in the development of the condition. Some experts consider that genetics is responsible for up to 80% of the risk of developing osteoporosis. Asian and Caucasian people are most likely to develop senile osteoporosis, while people of African descent have a lower likelihood. Small-boned females have the highest risk of senile osteoporosis.
Some studies indicate that diets containing high amounts of red meat may lead to high risks of bone weakness and fracture. Meats produce acid and that acid may leach minerals from boney tissues. Diets high in plant-based protein do not promote demineralization of the bones.
Additional foods to avoid include high sodium diets interfere with mineral and electrolyte balance within the body. A lifetime of excess salt consumption may be a risk factor for the development of senile osteoporosis. Caffeine is acidic and promotes the loss of bone. Diets high in phosphates, such as those contained in processed meats, interfere with bone health.
Smoking, particularly, among women, is another risk factor for the development of senile osteoporosis. Women smokers are also more likely to suffer from fractures. However the reasons why smoking promotes osteoporosis is unknown. Some experts believe that it may be related to an interaction between smoking and hormone balance.
People who are immobilized lose bone mass very rapidly. This is of particular concern for the aged as many older adults suffer from serious, chronic illnesses that require hospitalization. Being paralyzed, using a wheelchair or being immobile due to illness or choice raises the chances of bone loss and fracture.
Illnesses That Contribute to Bone Loss
Many illnesses precipitate bone loss. Here is a list of some of the most common illnesses which are risk factors for senile osteoporosis:
- Kidney disease including kidney stones
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Multiple myeloma
- Chronic obstructive pulmonE disease (COPD)
- Skeletal deformities
- Eating disorders like bulimia and anorexia nervosa